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The Ann Arbor Deer Cull Issue

City of Ann Arbor initial press release on logistics of the deer cull

Resolution to establish a deer cull in the city of Ann Arbor

August 17 Video of Public Meeting and City Council vote to cull

Slides from July 13 HSUS presentation on fertility control

May 7 Recommendations for Deer Management report

March 6 Aerial Deer Survey map

February 10 Aerial Deer Survey map

Original City Council Deer Management Report

Deer Population


Beringer, J., L. P. Hansen, and O. Sexton. 1998. Detection rates of white-tailed deer with a helicopter over snow. Wildlife Society Bulletin 26:24–28.


Deer Density, Buck to Doe Ratio, and Harvest Rates. Buck Manager, 30 Dec. 2009.


Richter, AR; Labisky, RF. Reproductive Dynamics among Disjunct White-Tailed Deer Herds in Florida. The Journal of Wildlife Management. Vol. 49, No. 4 (Oct., 1985), pp. 964-971.


Van Deelen, TR and Etter, DR. Cost and Controversy in Managing Urban Deer. Center for Wildlife Ecology.

Verme, LJ. Reproductive Patterns of White-Tailed Deer Related to Nutritional Plane. The Journal of Wildlife Management. Vol. 33, No. 4 (Oct., 1969), pp. 881-887.


White, GC and Bartmann, RM. Effect of Density Reduction on Overwinter Survival of Free-Ranging Mule Deer Fawns. The Journal of Wildlife Management. Vol. 62, No. 1 (Jan., 1998), pp. 214-225.

Car Crash Data


McShea, William J.; Stewart, Chad M.; Kearns, Laura J.; Liccioli, Stefano; and Kocka, David, "Factors affecting autumn deer–vehicle collisions in a rural Virginia county" (2008). Human–Wildlife Interactions. Paper 76.

Lyme Disease


Garrett, L. The Coming Plague: Newly Emerging Diseases in a World out of Balance, 1994.


Jordan RA and TL Schulze. 2005. Deer browsing and the distribution of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) in central New Jersey forests. Environmental Entomology 34: 801-806.


Jordan, RA, TL Schulze, and MB Jahn. 2007. Effects of reduced deer density on the abundance of Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae) and Lyme disease incidence in a northern New Jersey endemic area. Journal of Medical Entomology 44: 752-757.


Kugeler K, Jordan RA, Schulze TL, Griffith KS, Mead PS. 2015. Will Culling White-Tailed Deer Prevent Lyme Disease? Zoonoses and Public Health 


Levi T, Kilpatrick AM, Mangel M, Wilmers CC. Deer, predators, and the emergence of Lyme disease. PNAS 2012 109 (27) 10942-10947; published ahead of print June 18, 2012.


Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Michigan Wildlife Disease Manual. (n.d.).


Ostfeld RS, CD Canham, K Oggenfuss, RJ Winchcombe, F Keesing. 2006. Climate, deer, rodents, and acorns as determinants of variation in Lyme-disease risk. PLoS Biology 4: 1058-1068.


Pound JM, Miller JA, George JE, Lemeilleur CA. The “4-poster” passive topical treatment device to apply acaricide for controlling ticks (acari: ixodidae) feeding on white-tailed deer. J Med Entomol. 2000;37:588–94. [PubMed]


Pound JM, Miller JA, George JE. Efficacy of amitraz applied to white-tailed deer by the “4-poster” topical treatment device in controlling free-living lone star ticks (acari: ixodidae) J Med Entomol. 2000;37:878–84.[PubMed]


Rand PW, Lubelczyk C, Holman MS, Lacombe EH, Smith RP., Jr. Abundance of Ixodes scapularis(acari: ixodidae) after the complete removal of deer from an isolated offshore island, endemic for Lyme disease. J Med Entomol. 2004;41:779–84. [PubMed]


Solberg VB, Miller JA, Hadfield T, Burge R, Scheck JM, Pound JM. Control of Ixodes scapularis (acari: ixodidae) with topical self-application of permethrin by white-tailed deer inhabiting NASA, Beltsville, Maryland. J Vector Ecol. 2003;28:117–34. [PubMed]


Schulze TL, Jordan RA, Schulze CJ, Healy SP, Jahn MB, Piesman J. Integrated use of 4-poster passive topical treatment devices for deer-targeted acaricide applications, and Maxforce TMS bait boxes to rapidly suppress populations of Ixodes scapularis (acari: ixodidae) in a residential landscape. J Med Entomol.2007;44:830–9. [PubMed]. 


Scott JD, Scott CM, Anderson JF. The Establishment of a Blacklegged Tick Population by Migratory Songbirds in Ontario, Canada. J Veter Sci Med. 2014;2(1): 5.


Wilson ML, Telford SR, 3rd, Piesman J, Spielman A. Reduced abundance of immature Ixodes dammini(acari: ixodidae) following elimination of deer. J Med Entomol. 1988;25:224–8. [PubMed]


Fertility Control


Slides from July 13 HSUS presentation on fertility control


HSUS Ann Arbor site assessment and statement of interest in working with Ann Arbor


Recording of Biologist Rick Page on why fertility control is cheaper and better than culling


PZP Information from Wildlife Forever


Killian G, Fagerstone K, Kreeger T, Miller L, Rhyan J. Management strategies for addressing wildlife disease transmission: The case for fertility control. Published in Proceedings of the 12th Wildlife Damage Management Conference (D.L Nolte, W.M. Arjo, D.H. Stalman, Eds). 2007.


Rutberg, A.T., and Naugle, R.E. Population-level effects of immunocontraception in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Wildlife Research 35, 494–501. 2008.


Verme, LJ. Reproductive Patterns of White-Tailed Deer Related to Nutritional Plane. The Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 33, No. 4 (Oct., 1969), pp. 881-887.




Environment & Landscaping


Greenwald, K.R., Petit, L. J. and Waite, T. A. (2008), Indirect Effects of a Keystone Herbivore Elevate Local Animal Diversity. The Journal of Wildlife Management, 72: 1318–1321. doi: 10.2193/2007-491.


Marcus A. Lashley, M. Colter Chitwood, Craig A. Harper, Chris E. Moorman and Chris S. DePerno. Poor soils and density-mediated body weight in deer: forage quality or quantity? Author(s): Source: Wildlife Biology, 21(4):213-219. Published By: Nordic Board for Wildlife Research






Sample Letters to Council Members

Click here for sample letters to City Council

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